Food Security in India Class 9 Notes [EASY to LEARN; 2020]
Introduction:- In Food Security in India class 9 notes we rad about food security ensured in India, food insecure in India, seasonal hunger VS chronic hunger and so many other topics we read in food security in India class 9 important notes. So let’s start it.
What is Food Security?
- Food security is a measure of the availability of food and individuals’ ability to access it. Affordability is only one factor.
- Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active, healthy life.
How is Food Security ensure in India?
- Food security is ensure in India by having the availability of food to all sections of the society the Indian government.
- The Indian government has formed initiative of buffer stock and the public distribution system of the government has also started various poverty alleviation programs such as integrated child development service mid-day meals Antyodaya Anna Yojana etc.
Which are the people more prone to Good Insecurity?
Access to food largely depends on access to money the people or groups most prone to food insecurity are landless people, traditional artisans, and beggar, as they work for low wages and are prone to long term unemployment also people who are prone to natural disaster as continuous drought or floods are also prone to food insecurity.
Which states are more Food Insecure in India?
- The food insecure people are largely in economically backward states with a high proportion of poverty tribal and remote areas and the region more prone to natural disasters etc.
- Eastern part of U.P., Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bengal, Chattisgarh part of M.P. and Maharasthra account for the largest number of food-insecure people in the country.
Do you believe that the Green Revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grains? How.
- Yes, the green revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grain.
- Crops are now grown throughout the year which allows India to have buffer stock there has been no incidence of famine in India even during a bad season.
A section of people in India is still without food. Explain?
- There exist problems of food distribution in India that have buffer stocks such as Punjab but due to problems of infrastructure and transportation.
- These stocks do not reach those who need them such as in J&K there is also poverty where there to might be the availability of food grains but the people have no money to buy them or store and cook them there is also the absence of quality and proper diet where people may not be access to food which is rich in protein or other essential nutrition.
What happens to the supply of food when there is a Disaster?
- The total production of food grains decreases when there is a natural calamity. It creates storage of food in the affected areas and this causes the cost of food to rise.
- At the high price, some people cannot afford to buy food the supply of food grains from other areas is restricted due to damage to transportation infrastructure in a calamity.
- If such calamity happens in large areas of population or is stretched over a longer time period. It may cause a situation of famine.
Seasonal hunger VS Chronic hunger
- Seasonal hunger is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting in rural areas because the seasonal nature of agriculture activities leads to seasonal work and seasonal income while in urban areas this is because of irregular income through casual labor.
- Chronic hunger is a result of having food continuously that is inadequate in terms of quantity or quality.
- Poor people after suffering from chronic hunger because of their very low income and therefore their inability to buy food or quality food.
What has our government done to provide food security to the poor? Describe any two schemes launched by the government?
The two schemes launched by government are:-
Public distribution system
It is a system that distributes subsidized basic commodities to poor households through fair price shops nationwide.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana
1 crore of the poorest among those who are below the poverty time families are covered under the targeted public distribution system 35kg of food grain were made available to each eligible family at a highly subsisted rate.
Why is Buffer Stock created by the government?
- Buffer stocks are created by the government to distribute food grain in the affected area and among the poor section of society at a price lower than the market price this also help in solving the problem of shortage of food during bad harvest bad season or during the period of calamity.
What are the problems of the functioning of ration shop?
- Ration shops are sometimes found resorting to corrupt practices such as diverting the grains to the shops of open markets more money selling poor quality grains at ration shops irregular opening of the shops, etc.
- Ration shops regularly have unsold stocks of poor family quality grains left which causes the buffer stocks to pile up and large scale wastage of food grain occur.
Write a note on the role of cooperation in producing food and related items?
The cooperative societies set up shops to sell low period good to poor people mother dairy is providing milk and vegetable to the consumes at a controlled rate while Amul is another cooperative in milk and milk product academy of development science(ADS) has facilitated a network of NGOs for setting up grains banks in a different region.
What is Minimum Support Price?
- Minimum Support Price(MSP) is the price at which government purchase crops from the farmer and not at the market price the MSP help to support the farmer and thus ensure of calamity produce the required food grain in the country.
What is Issue Price?
- The price at which the produced and buffer stocks food grains are sold through the PDS is called Issue Price.
- The issue price is higher than MSP but lower than the market price of the grains.
What is Buffer Stocks?
- Buffer Stocks are food grains mainly wheat and rice produced by the government and stored in granaries.
- It is done to be distributed in deficit areas and during the problem of shortage of food during a calamity.
About- Food Security in India class 9 notes
In Food Security in India class 9 notes we talk about Minimum Support Price(MRP), buffer stock, the functioning of ration shop, food security ensured in India and so many other topics we read in this notes.
So if you did not read this notes then read notes and please give your feedback in a comment what we improve in Food Security in India class 9 notes.
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