India Size and Location Class 9 Notes: CBSE | Chapter 1 | Geography

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India Size and Location Class 9 Notes

Introduction of India Size and Location:-  India Size and Location this is chapter 1 of CBSE geography. And in this notes we cover every topics from your NCERT book like Location of India, Size of India, India Neighbours and so many other topics we cover in this notes. So let’s start the India Size and Location chapter with a simple question: What is Location of India?


Location of India

  • India lies in the Asian continent and It is in the northern hemisphere.
  • It’s a Latitudinal size 37.6oN – 8.4oN and the Longitudinal size is 68.7oE – 97.25oE.
  • Tropic of cancer(23.30oN) divided the whole country into two equal parts.
  • Toward its southeast mainland Andaman and Nicobar lie in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Toward its southwest, mainland Lakshadweep island lies in the Arabian sea.
India Size and Location Class 9 Notes
India Size and Location Class 9 Notes

Size of India

  • The landmass of India is 3.28million square kilometers.
  • India’s total area consists of 2.4% of the world’s total geographical area.
  • It is the 7th largest country in terms of area.
  • It’s a land boundary is 15,200 kilometers.
  • The total length of coastline(including Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep) is 7516.6 kilometers.
  • South of about 22 north latitude it began to toper and extend toward the Indian ocean.
  • It divides the ocean into two ocean Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal on its east.
  • Latitudinal and longitudinal expend of 30degree.
  • The standard time of(82.32oE) passing Mirzapur(U.P.).
  • The latitudinal extent influence the duration of the day and night, while moving from south to north.

International Time Zone

  • 180-degree longitudinal line is known as the international timeline or prime meridian.
  • In 1884 a meeting was held in Washington D.C. known as ‘International Meridian Confreres‘.
  • It passed through Greenwich London.
  • The world is divided into 24 times zone.
  • Each zone is equal to 15 degrees or one zone is equal to 1 hour.
  • And every 1 degree is equal to 4minute.
  • As the earth moves from west to east. So the time toward the east and from the west.

Fact:- Indian standard time passes through Allahabad near Mirzapur and its latitudinal size is 32.30’s. It is GMT +5:30

India Size and Location Class 9 Notes

India and the World

  • The Indian landmass has a central location in East Asia and West Asia.
  • It is expanded toward south Asia.
  • Indian ocean routes connect the following
  • Western coast – West Asia, Europe, Africa
  • Eastern coast – East Asia, Bangladesh, Myanmar.
  • India has a longer coastline and the Indian ocean named after our country India.
  • Indian has many contacts with other countries in the past and many things transferred from this route like- Ideas, culture, religion.
  • Spices and other precious metals exported from India.
  • At the same time, the influence of Greek sculpture and the architectural styles of domes and minarets from west Asia can be noticed in different parts of our country.

India Neighbors

  • India has 28 states and 8 union territories.
  • In the south-west, India-Pakistan and Afghanistan are situated.
  • In the north of India- China, Nepal, Bhutan, is situated.
  • And in the east of India- Maynmar and Bangladesh are situated
  • In the south, we have two neighbors across the sea.
  • Sri-Lanka in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Maldives in the Arabian sea below Lakshadweep island.
  • Sri-Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel Palk Strait of the Gulf of Mannar.
  • India has had strong geographical and historical links with its neighbors.

About- India Size and Location class 9 notes

In India Size and Location class 9 notes we read about India Neighbors, Location of India and so many other topics we read in this notes that given in your NCERT book. So if you like this notes then give your feedback in the comment box(below) to make best and easy notes for you..

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