Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes [Topper Notes]

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Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes

Introduction:- In Lifelines of National Economy class 10 notes we talk about Airways, Roadways, Railways, Waterways, Seaport and so many other topics we read in Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes. So let’s start it.

What is the advantage of the Road over the Railways? [CBSE 2016]

  1. The construction coast of the road is much lower than the railway line.
  2. The road can transverse easily, so they are mainly prefer in dissecting and undulating topography.
  3. The road can be form in the mountain area but not railways.
  4. It provides door to door service.
  5. Road transport has also used a feeder to other modern transport.
Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes
Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes

The Road is Divide into 6 part:-

1. Golden quadrilateral(super highway):- [CBSE 2015, 17]

  • The government launched a major road project linking DELHI-KOLKATA-CHENNAI-MUMBAI (six-lane road).
  • Another one is north to south corridors linking SRINAGAR & KANYAKUMARI.
  • And east to a west corridor linking SILCHAR & PORBANDAR.
  • Maintained by the National Highway Authority of India(NHAI).

2. National highway:-

  • These roads link one state with another state.
  • These roads are maintain by the Central Public Work Department(CPWD). Ex:- NH1= Sher shah Shuri marg.

3. State highway:-

  • It link-state capital with different district headquarters and these are constructed by the public work department(PWD).
  • PWD also make a road in union territories.

4. District road:-

  • It links district headquarters with another place of the district.
  • These are maintain by Zila Parishad.

5. Other road:-

  • A rural road comes under it, it links the rural area with town.
  • These roads are maintain under the program Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojna.

6. Border road:-

  • Border road organization (a government of India undertaking) construct and maintain this road.
  • This organization was establish in 1960. It makes a road in the north and northeastern border of India.

Metalled roads:- These roads are made up of cement, concrete, and bitumen of coal. These are all-weather roads. Most of the roads in urban areas are metalled roads.

What is Road Density?

  • The length of the road per 100 square km. of the area is known as the density of the road.
  • The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads.

Describe any five major problem faced by road transport of India?

  • The road network is not sufficient in India compared to demand & volume of traffic.
  • The condition of most of the road is very poor, these become muddy during the rainy season.
  • There a large number of the road in an urban area(in cities) but in a rural area, it’s very inadequate.
  • Most of the highway lakeside amenities(facilities like telephone booths, emergency health services, police stations). 

Unmetalled roads:- These roads are made up of soil. These roads are of no use in the rainy season. Must of the rural road are unmetalled.


Railways

Importance of Railways:- [CBSE 2015]

  • It covers long-distance {passengers+ 80% of freight of the country}.
  • Industries are totally dependent railways to transport raw material and finished goods from one place to another.
  • It provides employment to many people.
  • Railways integrate the country by bringing different people of different states together.
  • Railways help in the economic development of the country.
  • It divided into 16 zones across India.

How do the physiographic and economic factors influence the distribution pattern of the Indian railway network? Explain with a suitable example? [CBSE 2012]

  • There is less concentration of railway in mountain areas like Jammu & Kashmir and northeastern states of India.
  • In plain, there is a dense network of railways like the U.P.
  • Sometimes flood also affects the concentration of railway in any particular area like- Bihar & Assam, there are very few railway lines.
  • The region with greater agriculture and industrial development has a dense network of the railway. Ex:- in U.P. (due to agriculture).
  • The region having high trade activities favor the development of a dense network of the railway because of railway help in transporting goods from one place to another.
  • The presence of minerals also affect the concentration of the railway network, for example in Chhota Nagpur plateau region has a large presence of minerals and has a large presence of the railway.

Problem of Indian Railways:- [CBSE 2020]

  1. Many passengers travel without a ticket,
  2. Theft,
  3. Damaging of railway property,
  4. People stop trains,
  5. Rail accident,
  6. Old tracks.

Water Ways

Importance of Waterways:- [CBSE 2015, 17]

  • Its the cheapest mode of transport.
  • Water Ways is most suitable for carrying heavy & bulky goods.
  • It’s an environment-friendly mode of transport.

National Waterways of our Country:- [CBSE 2014]

  • The Ganga river between Allahabad and Haldia(NW-1,1620km.).
  • The Brahmaputra river between Sadiya and Dhubri(NW-2, 891km.).
  • The west coast canal in Kerala(NW-3, 205km.).
Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes
Water Ways

Major Seaport in India

1. Kandla seaport:- [CBSE 2012]

  • It was the first port developed after independence and its tidal port.
  • It was built to reduce the volume of trade of Mumbai port.
  • Agriculture items and industrial products are imported or exported here from the region J & K, Kashmir, and H.P.

2. Mumbai port:- [CBSE 2020]

  • Its biggest port(natural+well-sheltered harbor).
  • Jawaharlal Nehru port was established with a view to reducing the burden of the Mumbai port.

3. Maumagao port(goa):-

  • Its premier iron ore exporting port in India. About 50% of India’s iron ore exported here.

4. New manglore(karnataka):- 

  • Iron ore are exported from here and especially the iron ore of Kudermukh mines.

5. Kochchi port(kerala)(imp.):-

  • It’s the extreme south-western part of India and its located at the entrance of a lagoon with a natural harbor.

6. Tuticorin(tamil nadu)(imp.):-

  • This is the extreme south-eastern part of India. This port has a natural harbor & rich hinterland.


7. Chennai port(tamil nadu)(imp.):-

  • Its oldest artificial port of India and it ranked next to Mumbai port in terms of volume of trade 7 cargoes.


8. Vishakhapatnam port(A.P.):-

  • Its deepest land locked and well protected port and iron are exported from here.


9. Paradip port(odisha):-

  • Iron ore  exported from here


10. Kolkata port(West Bengal):- [CBSE 2011, 2020]

  • It’s an inland riverine port. and it’s a tidal port. It covers the Ganga-Brahmputra and Hoogly Basin.

11. Haldia port(West Bengal):- [CBSE 2015]

  • It was built to reduce the growing pressure of Kolkata port.

Air Ways

Importance of Railways:- [CBSE 2012]

  • Its the fastest and most comfortable & prestigious mode of transport.
  • It can cover the area of mountain, difficult terrain.
  • It can give its services in a desert area, dense forest, and over the long stretches of the ocean.

Why is air transport preferred in the North Eastern state of India?

  • Due to hilly terrain, the region is unfavorable for the construction of railways lines.
  • The region has big rivers, dissected relief, dense forest, and frequent flood and international borders.
  • So it’s difficult to construct a road there.
  • Airways can cover difficult terrains, deserts, dense forests, and long-distance.
  • Its the safest mode of transportation.
  • Types of Air Ways:-
    • 1. Domestic airways:- The airways which give its services with in the country.
    • 2. International airways:- The airways which give its services internationally.

Communication

What is Communication?

  • It refers to all those means & methods by which views, information, commercial agreement, entertainment program are exchanged.
  • Types of Communication:-
    • Personal communication:- Personal communication are those through which only personal message are exchanged and it’s used by an individual for his personal activities. Ex:- telephone, mobile, etc.
    • Mass communication:- It means in which one can communicate or send information, view with several people at the same time and this is used by the government or private individual to create awareness programs, policies, etc. Ex:- radio, t.v. etc.
Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes
Communication

Economical Definitions:-

  1. International trade:- Trade between two or more than two countries.
  2. Balance trade:- Difference between export and import of a country.
  3. Balance payment:- It’s an account where the economic transaction of a country with another country is recorded during a given period of time.
  4. Favorable balance trade:- Export >Import.
  5. Unfavorable balance of trade:- Export< Import.
  6. Market:- Its a place where the exchange of goods & services takes place.
  7. Local trade:- The trade that is carried out in cities, towns, and villages.
  8. State trade:- Trade that carried between two or more states.

Why International trade considered as the Economic Barometer of the country?

  • No country can survive without international trade because resources are limited.
  • International trade provides jobs to the worker as well as business to traders.
  • It’s the resource of foreign currency.
  • Foreign trade helps in the transfer of technology.
  • Foreign trade lead to cultural exchange.
  • It helps in the integration of the two countries.

 Why are the means of Transport & Communication called the Lifelines of a nation & its economy?

  • To provide a link:-
    • Transportation links one part of the country with another part and helps to provide necessary goods from one place to another.
  • Development of country:-
    • Means of transport and communication help in the development of the country.
    • It helps industries to transfer their raw material & finished goods.
  • National & cultural integration:-
    • The transport network brings different people of different caste, color, and religion near to each other.
  • Nervous system:-
    • The means of communication helps in knowing what is happening in another part of the nation and world through media.
  • Global village:-
    • Today the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient & fast-moving transport.
    • Transportation achieved its aim with the help of communication.
    • Therefore transport, communication, and trade are complementary to each other.

Tourism

Importance of Tourism:- [CBSE 2017]

  • It helps in earning foreign exchange.
  • Tourism provides employment to people directly or indirectly.
  • It promotes national integration.
  • Tourism supports the cottage and handicraft industry.
  • It helps in developing friendly relations with other countries and promotes international understanding.

About- Lifelines of National Economy class 10 notes

In Lifelines of National Economy class 10 notes we cover so many topic like Airways, Roadways, Waterways, Communication and so many other topics we read in Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes. So i hope you enjoy Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Notes and if you like then please give your valuable feedback in the comment box(below).

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