Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes | Political Science | Civics

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Outcomes of Democracy class 10 notes

Introduction:- In Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 notes we read about Democracy, Social and Political Outcomes, Economic growth and so many other topics we read in Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes. So let’s start it.

What is Democracy?

  • Democracy is a form of government in which the ruler is elected by the citizen.
  • Major Feature of Democracy:-
    • The elected leader has the right to make or take major decisions.
    • There is a free and fair election in the country.
    • Every person has one vote and every vote has equal value.
    • The ruling government respects the law and rights of the citizens.
Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes
Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes

How do we assess Democracy’s outcome?

  • Democracy is a better form of government because:-
    • It promotes equality among citizens.
    • Democracy enhances the dignity of the individual.
    • Democracy improves the quality of decision-makers.
    • It provides a method to resolve conflict.
    • It allows room to correct the mistake.

Political Outcomes [CBSE 2015]

What is Accountable Government?

  • Accountable government:-
    • The government which is accountable to the citizen for its action, policies and programs is called accountable government.
    • Transparency to examine the process of decision making in a democracy.
    • There is an open public debate.
    • There is a regular and free and fair election.
    • Citizen has the right to information(2005).
  • Contradiction:-
    • There is a delay in decision making
    • It is less-efficient.
  • Justification:-
    • Suppose a monarchy government or any government that may take the decision very fast.
    • But it may or may not be accepted by the people and may therefore face problems.

What is Legitimate Government?

  • Legitimate government:-
    • It’s a government which is elected by citizen and follow rules and regulations.
    • Democracy is the people’s government.
    • There is a regular election. The majority party wins elections and form on the behalf of people.
    • Whenever necessary people should be able to participate in decision making.
    • It generates support for the citizen.
  • Contradiction:-
    • It’s not fully clean and there are malpractices, adopted during the election.
  • Justification:-
    • Democracy is slow less efficient, corruption but it is people’s own government.
    • Example:- The evidence of south Asian countries show that demand is a suitable form of government.
Responsive Government
Responsive Government

What is Responsive Government? [CBSE2012, 14]

  • Responsive government:-
    • A government which is responsible to the needs and demands of citizen called responsive government.
    • It cares about public well fare or opinions.
    • This government is attentive to the decision of citizens.
  • Contradiction:-
    • There is corruption in democracy.
    • Democracies often frustrate the needs of people.
    • It ignores the demands of people.
  • Justification:-
    • There is nothing to show that the non-democratic government is less corrupt or more sensitive to people.

Economic Growth and Development

What is Economic Growth?

  • Economic growth:-
    • Economic development depends on several factors:-
      • Country’s population size,
      • Global situation,
      • Cooperation from other countries etc.
    • The rate of economic growth in a democracy is slow.
    • But democracies always seek the welfare and social-economic equality.
  • Contradiction:-
    • All democracies and all dictatorship for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have a slightly high rate of economic growth.
  • Justification:-
    • This alone can not be a reason to reject the democracies it had several other positive outcomes.

What is Reduction of inequality and Poverty?

  • Reduction of inequality and Poverty:-
    • It is expected from democracies that it reduces poverty and ensures equal distribution of income and wealth.
  • Contradiction:-
    • There is equal political right in democracies like the right to vote, freedom, etc.
    • But there is an unequal distribution of income and wealth.
    • Democracies failed to remove poverty.
    • A rich person has more wealth and poor people have less wealth.
    • A rich person is a small and poor person who is large in population.
  • Justification:-
    • Democracies try to remove poverty by implementing various policies and programs.
    • Democracies provide equal opportunities in jobs.

Social Outcome

There are two types of Social Outcome:-

  1. Accommodation of social diversity.
  2. Dignity and freedom of the citizen.

Accommodation of Social diversity:- [CBSE 2011, 14, 16]

  • Every country has social diversities like gender, caste, culture, religion language, etc.
  • Democracies always try to reduce the possibility of social tension and make peace.
  • It handles social difference conflicts/tension by making provision law by reservation policy.
  • Democracies provide a method to negotiate.

Dignity and freedom of the Citizens:-

  • Democracies stand much superior to any form of government in promoting dignity and freedom to the citizen.
  • It gives rights, freedom, and equality. It gives the right to women for equal treatment.
  • More opportunities are given to SC/ST/OBC. Through various provisions and reservation policies.
  • A special feature of democracy is that its examination never ends.
  • As people get the benefit they ask more. People come up with many expectations and complaints.
  • People complaining in itself testing the success of democracy.

About- Outcomes of Democracy class 10 notes

In Outcomes of Democracy class 10 notes we read about Democracy, Social and Political outcomes, Economics growth, poverty and so many other topics we read in Outcomes of Democracy class 10 notes. So if you like Outcomes of Democracy class 10 notes then please give your valuable feedback in the comment box(below).

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