People as Resource Class 9 Notes [EASY to LEARN; 2020]
Introduction:- In People as Resource class 9 notes we talk about the density of population, Human capital, the role of education & health, quality of population and so many other topics we read in this notes. So let’s start it.
Why People are important resources?
- According to the census of 2011, India’s population is 1.31billion.
- It consists of 17.5 of the world’s population.
- And India has more than 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% below the age of 35.
- If this population India uses for manufacturing and every people get a job then India G.D.P. rapidly increases.
- This man force makes India a great country and also they increase the per capita income of Indian.
- But if we do not use this population for growth of country this population become very dangerous for country crime rate, poverty and also rapes are increasing.
Define density of population
- The number of people living per square kilometre of the area is called population density.
- Indian population density is 382 persons per square kilometre.
- Delhi is 11,320 turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh is 9,258, these are most densely populated city in India.
Define Human capital formation
- Its skilled and trained population is the assists of the hate on which contribute more to the process of production and it leads to increase national income.
- Human capital is as important as physical capital for economic development.
- Human capital formation is the process of adding to the stock of human capital over time.
- And also human capital can be developed through the creation of skilled, trained and efficient labour force by providing better education, health care facilities, etc.
Following point should be taken into consideration for human capital formation:-
- Provide more health facilities.
- Educational facility
- Launching training programs
- Improvement in literacy rate
- Improvement in net attendance ratio.
What is the role of education in human capital formation?
- Education has an important role in human capital formation.
- It improves the knowledge or skill of the person.
- An educated person has more earning than an illiterate person.
- An educated person has a better living condition.
- An education person gives better education of their children.
- All the things improve the national growth or economic growth of nations.
What is the role of health in human capital formation?
- A healthy person contributes more to the production process.
- It helps in economic growth.
- If a person is always sick endless production activities and he got less income with this economic condition is not good and he contributes less to the national income.
- On the other hand, a healthy person’s contribution to the production process this income increased or his standard of living improved and he contributes more economic growth nation.
Economic activities VS Non-Economic activity
- Economic activity is those activities that are done to earn money.
- Economic activity is counted while calculating national income.
- More and more economic activity leads to more GDP. Example- cooking food in a hotel for the money.
- Producing goods and services for profit or earning money.
- Non-economic activity is those activities that do not earn money.
- Non-economic activity is not counted while calculating the national income.
- It does not lead to or affects the nation’s national income. Example- cooking for at home by mother.
- Producing goods and services for social welfare.
What are the various activities undertaken in primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors?
- Manufacturing:- Converting raw material into finish goods.
- The cotton used in textiles.
- Sugarcane in sugar making
- Iron ore used for making iron product
- More example:- heavy manufacturing, food processing, oil refining & energy production.
- Trade & transport
Division of Labor among Man & Women
- Historically women do the work at home and males do the work outside the home.
- At that time women and man during work inside or outside home.
Why women are employ in low wage?
- Education and skill are a major factor in earning more.
- A majority of women get less opportunity of education and training.
- Due to the above-mentioned problem, they paid the law.
- Most women work in the unorganized sector of employment where they paid less.
What problem women face in unorganized sector?
- In the unorganized sector of employment, women have faced many problems like No job security, Legal protection is not provided, Irregular work and high income, Basic facilities are not given like maternity leave child case, etc.
Explain quality of population
- The quality of the population depends upon the following factor:-
- Literacy rate(2011 census literacy rate is 7404),
- Average age(census 2011 age 65 years),
- Infant mortality rate,
- H.D.I.(Human Development Index).
Explain the term unemployment?
- A person who has the ability to work and willing to work at preventing wage rate but cannot get work is called unemployment.
- Economists distinguish between various overlapping types of and theories of unemployment, including cyclical or Keynesian unemployment, frictional unemployment, structural unemployment, and classical unemployment
- Unemployment is measure by the unemployment rate, which is the number of people who are unemployed as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed added to those unemployed).
Disguised VS Seasonal employment
- It refers to the situation where more people are employed in work than actually needed.
- In rural areas all those members of a family who do not get any alternative employment get inducted in agriculture.
- Agriculture in India is seasonal occupation people are employed at the time of showing and harvesting only and the rest of the time they are not out of employment.
- These are found in:-
a. Ice-cream factories
b. Sugar mills
What is educated unemployment a exotic problem of India?
- Educated unemployment is quite large in India and its found in an urban area.
- It creates instability.
- It creates a loss of output.
- This type of problem arises in India because school, college, and university are increasing day by day but employment opportunities are not increased.
- This problem is to generate more and more as the problem increases.
About- People as Resource class 9 notes
In People as Resource class 9 notes, we talk exotic problems of India, Disguised VS Seasonal employment and so many other topics we read in this notes and trust me if you read People as Resource class 9 notes then you don’t need to read other People as Resource class 9 notes. So read this notes completely then I hope you like this notes so please share with your friends.
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