Political Parties Class 10 Notes [EASY to LEARN; 2020]
Introduction:- In Political Parties Class 10 notes we read about Political parties, National and State party, Problem face by Political parties and so many other topics we read in Political Parties Class 10 Notes. So let’s start it.
What are Political Parties? [CBSE 2015, 19]
- A political party is a group of people who come together to contest the election and hold power in the government.
- It mobilizes voters to support common sets of interest concerns and goals.
- A political party is the means through which people can speak to the government and have a say in the governance of any country.
- A political party has three components:-
- The Leaders,
- The Active Members,
- And the Followers.
- A political party consists of a leader who contests election and if they win them to perform the administrative.
The Active Members
- They are the ones who climb a ladder from being the follower and become the assistants of the leaders to gain knowledge about politics.
- They are simply the ardent followers of the leaders and work under the able guidance of the active members.
What is the function of Political party? [CBSE 2019]
- Parties contest the election by putting up candidates.
- They put forward policies and programs parties put forward different policies and programs and voters choose from them.
- Parties play a decisive role in making laws. Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country. Formally laws are debated and passed in the legislative.
- Parties form and run the government, parties recruit leaders, trains them, and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
- Defeated parties in the election play its role of opposition to the parties in power opposition parties also mobilize opposition to the government.
- Parties shape public opinion and sometimes parties also launch a movement for the resolution of problems faced by people.
- Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes.
- For an ordinary citizen, it is easy to approach a local party leader than to government officials.
Why there is a need of Political party? [CBSE 2016, 20]
- Because every candidate became independent.
- Candidates are not able to take major decisions.
- The candidate will responsible for his constituency only.
- He is not responsible for the whole country.
How many political parties should we have?
- One-party system:-
- In some countries, only one party is allow to control and run the government. These are called one-party systems.
- There is no competition in this system.
- The mono party nominates the candidate and the voter have only two choices:-
- Not to vote at all.
- Write ‘yes’ or ‘no’ against the home of the candidates nominated by the party.
- This system has been popular in communal countries like China, North Korea, etc.
2. Two-party system:-
- Only the two main parties have a chance of winning a majority of seats inform government. Such a party system is called the two-party system.
- The united states of America and the United Kingdom are examples of the two-party system.
3. Multi-party system:-
- In this system, three or more parties have the capacity or in the coalition.
- When several parties in a multi-party system join hards for the purpose of context election and winning power it is called or alliance or front.
- India in 2004 has three such alliances for the parliamentary election.
- National democratic alliance,
- The united progressive alliance,
- Left front.
- Every party in India has to register in the election commission.
- The election commission treats every party as equal to the other but it offers special facilities to large and established parties.
- They are given a unique symbol and are called recognized political parties.
What is State Party?
- All parties other than the six national parties are classified as state party by the election commission of India are called state parties. [CBSE 2016]
- The condition required for a party to be recognized as a Regional or State political party:-
- A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in an election to a Legislative assembly of a state,
- And wins at least 2 seats in the Legislative assembly.
What is the National Party? [CBSE 2014]
- A party that secures at least 6% of the total vote in the Lok Sabha election or wins 4 seats in the Lok Sabha is recognized as a national party.
- According to this classification, there were only six nationally recognized parties in the country(India) in 2006:-
- 1. Indian National Congress(INC)
- 2. Bharatiya Janta Party(BJP)
- 3. Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP)
- 4. Communist Party of India Marxist(CPI-M)
- 5. Communist Party of India(CPI)
- 6. Nationalist Congress Party(NCP)
➢ Define Indian National Congress(INC).
- This party also is known as the congress party.
- It was founded in the year 1885.
- Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the party sought to build a modern secure democratic republic in India.
- Its ideological orientation was:-
- The party espouses secularism,
- The welfare of weaker sections and minorities.
➢ Define Bhartiya Janata Party(BJP).
- This party also is known as the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
- It was form in the year 1980.
- Its ideological orientation was:-
- To build a strong and modern India drawing inspiration from India’s and culture and value,
- It wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India, a uniform civil code for all people.
➢ Define Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP).
- It was form in the year 1984.
- Under the leadership of Kanshi Ram.
- It secures power for the Bahujan Samaj which includes the Dalit, Adivasis, OBC, and religious minorities.
- Draws inspiration from the idea are teaching of Sahu Maharaj, Periyar Ramaswami Naicker, and B.R. Ambedkar.
➢ Define Communist Party of India-Marxist(CPI-M).
- It was form in the year 1964.
- This party believes in Marxism Leninism.
- It supports socialism, secularism, and democracy.
- It opposes imperialism and communalism.
➢ Define Communist Party of India(CPI).
- Communist Party of India(CPI) was formed in the year 1925.
- It believes in Marxism-Leninism.
- Communist Party of India(CPI) supports secularism and democracy.
- It opposed the force of secessionism and communalism.
- It became weak after the split in the party in 1964 that led to the formation of the CPI(M).
- Communist Party of India(CPI) secured about 1.4% votes and 10 seats in the 2004 Lok sabha election.
➢ Define Nationalist Congress Party(NCP).
- It was formed in the years of 1999 following a split in the congress party.
- Espouses democracy, Gandhian secularism, equality, social justice,e and federalism.
- A major party in Maharashtra and has a significant presence in Meghalaya Manipur and Assam.
Affidavit:- A signed document submitted to an office where a person makes a sworn statement regarding her personal information.
What challenges face by Political parties? [CBSE 2012]
Their are so many challenges faces by our political parties like➠
Lack of internal democracy within parties:-
- Power concentrated in the few hands.
- There was no internal regular election.
- No organization meeting. Details of membership are not registered in the party.
- Ordinary members do not influence decisions.
- Leaders on top have unfair advantage favor people close to them on family members.
- Top position controlled by family members in most parties.
- Bad for democracy. Tendency saw all over the world even in the older democracies.
Money and muscle power:-
- The role of money and muscle power in parties increases especially during the election.
- Parties tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money.
- Rich peoples and companies who give funds have an influence on policies.
- In some cases, parties support criminals who can win the election.
Parties do not offer a meaningful choose to the voter. Explain
- There is not much difference in ideology among parties.
- Labour party and a conservative party in Britain.
- They only differ details of implementation rather than a fundamental principle.
- In India also there is not much difference among parties on economic issues.
What are some of the recent efforts in our country to reform political parties its leaders?
- The constitution was amended to prevent elected MLA’s and MP’s from changing parties.
- This was done because much-elected representations were indulging in defection in order to become ministers or for cash rewards.
- Now, if any MLA or MP changes parties he or she will lose the seat in the legislature.
- The supreme court passed an order to reduce the influence of money and criminal by making it mandatory to produce an affidavit giving detail of the property and criminal cases pending.
- The election commission passed an order making it necessary for a political party to hold their organizational election and file their income tax returns.
Defection:- Changing party allegiance from the party on which a person got elected to a different party.
Suggest and explain some measures to reform political parties?
- A low should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties.
- It should be made mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets about 1/3rd to its woman candidates.
- There should be a quota for women in the decision making bodies of the party.
- It should be made compulsory for political parties to maintain a Regis of its members.
- There should be state funding of elections.
- The government should give money to the parties to support their election expresses in kind for example petrol, paper, telephone, etc. or in cash.
- Vote casting should be made compulsory in each election.
About- Political Parties class 10 notes
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