What is Democracy Why Democracy Class 9 Notes: CBSE | Chapter 1 | Civics
Introduction:- I know that you searching a complete notes of the What is Democracy Why Democracy chapter, that is very easy to learn, easy to understand, and also important question contains. So you visit the right place in this article we cover every topic from your NCERT Civics- What is Democracy Why Democracy chapter. So let’s start our What is Democracy Why Democracy chapter with a simple question- WHAT IS DEMOCRACY?
What is Democracy?
- Democracy is a form of the government in which the ruler(government) is elected by citizens of the country.
- And voters have the right to cast their vote according to their own interests.
- An example of democracy at work is in India, where people have political freedom and equality.
What is benefits of Democracy?
- The elected leader has the right to take a major decision for their people.
- There is a free and fair election in the country.
- Every person has one vote and every vote has equal value.
- The ruling government respects the laws and rights of the citizens.
- People have the right to cast their votes according to their own interests.
Explanation of Each Benefits With Example
1. The major Decisions are Taken by Elected Leaders(example- Pakistan) ➠
- General Parvez Musharraf led a military coup(takhtaapalat) in October 1999.
- He becomes the Chief executive of the country, later on, become the president.
- In 2002, he held a referendum in the country he got five years extension.
- Pakistani media said that referendum was based on malpractices(Corruption) and fraud.
- In August 2002, he issued a ‘legal framework order’ that amend(change) the constitution of Pakistan.
- This order extends the power of the president as:-
- The president can dismiss the nation and states assemblies.
- The work of the civilian cabinet is supervise by the ‘National security council’ which was rule by military officers.
- After it, elections have held the representative was selected but major decisions were taken by general Parvez Mushraff and military officers.
- Conclusion:- Pakistan was a non-democratic country because the elected leader had no right to take a major decision.
2. Free and Fair Election(example- China) ➠
- Election was conduct in China every five years.
- China’s parliament is Quanguo Remain Daibio Dahui means the national people congress.
- There were 3000 members of this parliament selected from all over China and some were selected from the military also.
- There was only a single party ‘Chinese Communist Party ‘(it had 8 branches).
- The person who wants to contest election must be the members of this Chinese Communist Party.
- The government is always form by this party.
- Conclusion:- China was not a democratic country but there was a single party ‘Chinese Communist Party’.
2-0. One More example of Free and Fair Election(example- Mexico) ➠
- It gained independence in 1930.
- Election held thereafter every six years to elect the president.
- There was a Multiparty system in Mexico but until 2000 every election was won by PRI(Institutional Revolutionary Party).
- The opposition party contest the election but never managed to win.
- PRI is known to use dirty tricks during election like➼
- Government employers had to attend party meetings.
- Teachers of government schools formed to vote for PRI.
- Sometimes polling booths were shift from one place to another at the last movement.
- PRI spends a large sum of money on its coordination during the election.
- Conclusion:- Mexico was not called a democratic country because elections were not free and fair.
3. One person, One vote, and One value ➠
Universal Adult Franchise(UAF):- Every adult citizen of a country has the right to give their vote. It does not matter they are rich or poor, black or white, and men or women.
Following are some examples of some country, where every person has not the right to votes:-
- Till 2011, the women Saudi Arabia do not have the right to vote.
- In Estonia, citizenship rules are very hard so the people of the Russian minority find it difficult to get the right to vote.
- In Fiji, the vote of an Indigenous Fiji has more value than an Indian Fijian.
4. Rule of Laws and Respect for the Right of Citizens(example- Zim-Bamwe) ➠
- It gained freedom in 1980 from Britain.
- A party ZANU-PF led the struggle for freedom in the country.
- The leader of this party was Robert Mugabe.
- After independence, he became the president.
- The party was very popular in the country but the party was known to use much malpractice during the election.
- The government used many unfair things like:-
- The government changed the constitution several times to increase the power of the government.
- Opposition party members were harass.
- Public protest and demonstration were declare illegal.
- There is a law that limits to criticize the president.
- Television and radio were control by the government.
- It the journalist of any newspaper goes against the government was harassed.
- The government ignored the judgment of the court.
- Sometimes judges were pressurize.
- Conclusion:- This shows that sometimes popular governments were under moderate.
Fact:- Following example show that the government which elected by the citizen and quite popular in its country but if the government does not obey the rules of laws and respect the right of citizens then we cannot say that the government is democratic.
Here we discuss two aspects of Democracy:-
- The argument against democracy(limitation).
- The argument in favor of democracy(benefits).
1. Argument against Democracy
(Something which makes a democratic country less democratic read below)
a. Political instability:- Leaders keep changing in a democracy is a very good thing for a democratic country.
b. Political competition:- Democracy is all about political competition. There is no scope for morality.
c. Delay in decision making:- All the decisions are to be approve or discuss in parliament. So it takes a long time(delay) in the decision-making process
d. Corruption:- It is based on political competition many parties use money and power to come to power.
e. Illiterate and unconscious voters:- In a country like India, many voters give there for alcohol(Daru) or for money, etc which is a bad thing for a democratic country.
2. The Argument in favor of Democracy
a. Accountable government:- Democracy is a better form of government. In this form of government is responsible for the needs of the citizens. The government is answerable for its deeds(work).
b. Quality decision making:- In a democracy, the decision is taken by the ruler. Its discussed in parliament and then approved. It takes a long time but it’s accept by the majority of the population. So it is known as a quality decision making process.
c. Room for correction:- If the voters choose the wrong leader then after sometimes or in the next election the people have the right to correct their mistake and they choose the best leader for them(every 5 years).
d. Political equality:- Democracy based on political equality and give equal rights to everyone. So it enhances the dignity of every citizen.
Border meaning of Democracy
- In a democracy, every citizen has an equal role in decision making.
- Democracy is a principle it can apply to every sphere of life(family, school, officer, etc).
- Ideal democracy can be achieved if each and every people participate in it and it also increases its strength.
- Democracy can not be improve with the effort of political parties but more improve with the help of citizens.
- Those who are powerful have the right to say in the decision-making process(businessman etc).
- Education for all is very necessary for a democratic country.
- Equal resources to all are also very necessary in a democratic country.
- Everyone has the right to a Basic medical facility for all like rich or poor, black or white, and men or women.
About- What is Democracy Why Democracy Class 9 Notes
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